MOUNT CAMEROON

Buea is the capital of the Southwest region, and home to the breathtaking and awe-inspiring Mount Cameroon. It is an active volcano that stands at over 13,200 feet (4,040 meters) above sea level. It is officially the highest mountain in West and Central Africa and often referred to as “The roof of central and West Africa. Waking up at sunrise at the foot of Mount Cameroon allows for a spectacularly clear view of the mountain, including the peak, which is an amazing sight to behold. mount cameroon Mount Cameroon provides an amazing hiking opportunity to many tourists and locals of the South West region. The landscape ranges from tropical rainforest to Savannah and from a bare snow-capped summit to caves and waterfalls, as well as boasting rare birds and flowers. Hiking tours ranging from a few hours to a full three-day excursion complete with a guide and potters to carry your bags is offered by The Guide. Known to be the most interesting touristic site to visit in the south west region, it sees hundreds of visitors each year.   mount cameroon 4 Mount Cameroon (4,095 m high and with a volume of ∼1,200 km3) is one of the most active volcanoes in Africa, having erupted seven times in the last 100 years. This stratovolcano has an elliptical shape, with over a hundred cones around its flanks and summit region aligned parallel to its NE-SW-trending long axis. The 1999 (28 March–22 April) eruption was restricted to two sites: ∼2,650 m (site 1) and ∼1,500 m (site 2). Similarly, in the eruption in 2000 (28 May–19 June), activity occurred at two sites: ∼4,095 m (site 1) and ∼3,300 m (site 2). During both eruptions, the higher vents were more explosive, with strombolian activity, while the lower vents were more effusive. Accordingly, most of the lava was emitted from the lower sites. The 1999–2000 lavas are predominantly basanites. The lavas contain xenocrysts of olivine and clinopyroxene, which are interpreted as fragments of intrusive rocks disrupted by magma ascent. Major and trace element characteristics point to early fractionation of olivine. Geochemical differences between the 1999–2000 lavas and those from previous eruptions, such as higher Nb/Zr of the former, suggest that different eruptions discharged magmas that evolved differently in space and time. The main ascent path is below the summit, where newly arrived magma degasses. Degassed magma simultaneously intrudes the flank rift zones where most lava is extruded.

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